Выберите правильную форму глагола john detective


Задания 19-25


Глагол: активный залог

Present Simple/Present Continuous

Следует помнить правила прибавления окончанийs и —ing к глаголу, так как при компьютерной проверке одна неправильно написанная буква приведёт к ошибке в ответе:

а) правила прибавления окончания —s к глаголу

• окончание —s прибавляется к глаголам во времени Present Simple после подлежащего в 3-м лице единственного числа:

I want — He wants

We like — She likes

• если глагол оканчивается на —o, —x, —z, —s, —ss, —sh, —ch, то к нему прибавляется окончание —es:

I go — He goes

We watch — She watches

• при прибавлении окончания —s буква —у меняется на —i, если она стоит после согласной, и прибавляется окончание —es:

I study — He studies

We try — She tries

• Если перед буквой —у стоит гласная буква, то она не изменяется, и к глаголу прибавляется просто —s:

I play — He plays

We stay — She stays

б) Правила прибавления окончания —ing

• окончание —ing прибавляется к глаголам при образовании формы Present Participle (Ving) и герундия (Ving):

go going

open opening

• непроизносимая буква e на конце отбрасывается:

write — writing

live — living

Но: agree — agreeing

dye — dyeing

• если глагол оканчивается на одну согласную, перед которой стоит одна ударная гласная, то согласная удваивается:

run — running

refer — referring

• при прибавлении окончания —ing буквы —ie на конце глагола меняются на —у и прибавляется окончание —ing:

lie — lying

die — dying

tie — tying

6.1. Прибавьте окончание —s или —es там, где необходимо.

1. He work __________ in a bank.

2. They live __________ in England.

3. I watch __________ TV every day.

4. My brother watch __________ TV every day, too.

5. She go __________ to school.

6. My mother teach __________ children.

7. We play __________ tennis every weekend.

8. He speak __________ English very well.

9. The film finish __________ at 10 o’clock.

10. They go __________ on holiday in summer.

11. My sister do __________ her homework every day.

12. We start __________ work at 8.30.

13. He eat __________ cheese for breakfast.

14. I enjoy __________ playing darts.

15. He hate __________ cooking.

6.2. Прибавьте окончание —ing к следующим глаголам:

1. eat

2. swim

3. work

4. have

5. play

6. sleep

7. dance

8. put

9. watch

10. run

11. begin

12. write

13. shop

14. leave

15. open

6.3. Present Simpleили Present Continuous? Употребите правильную форму глагола.

1. (Mr. Black/use) the computer at the moment?

2. Jack usually (go) to work on Saturdays.

3. Dick isn’t at home now. He (help) а student with his project.

4. ‘(It/rain)?’ ‘No, look, it’s sunny.’

5. My classmates are very sporty and they (play) football very well.

6. You look nice, Ann. (You/wear) a new dress?

7. France (have) a lot of high mountains.

8. Derek is good at tennis but he (not play) it very often.

9. (You/always/wear) glasses?

10. Turn the TV off — no one (watch) it!

Глаголы, которые не употребляются во временах группы Continuous

Следующие глаголы нельзя употреблять во временах Continuous. Их следует употреблять во временах Simple.

6.4. Present Simple или Present Continuous? Употребите правильную форму глагола в скобках.

1. I can’t use the telephone now. It (not work).

2. It’s late. I (want) to go to sleep.

3. ‘How many languages she (speak)?’ ‘She (speak) six foreign languages.’

4. I (not think) Ann (like) me very much.

5. ‘Where is Richard? I (not see) him.’ ‘He (stand) next to Jane.’

6. My father (work) in a bank, but today he is at home. He (write) letters.

7. ‘Where is Tom?’ ‘He (have) breakfast.’

8. John (not get) up very early on Sundays.

9. Oh, dear! This milk (taste) awful.

10. ‘Why you (smile)?’ ‘I (have) no homework today.’

6.5. Present Simpleили Present Continuous? Употребите правильную форму глагола в скобках.

Dear Julia,

Thanks a lot for your letter. I am really happy to be your pen pal and I’d like to tell you about myself.

I (1)(live) in a large flat in Moscow. I’ve got a sister. Her name is Olga. We (2)(get) up at 7 o’clock every morning. I (3)(leave) home at 8 o’clock but my sister (4)(leave) home at 7.30. She is a student. She (5)(finish) classes at 5 every day and (6)(come) home at 6 p.m. In the evening we usually (7)(go) for a walk together.

Today is Saturday. At the moment, I (8)(eat) breakfast in the kitchen of our flat, my parents (9)(drink) coffee, and my sister (10)(have) a shower. On Saturday afternoons I usually (11)(play) tennis with my friends but today I’m going to see a new English film. You (12)(like) films? I (13)(like) English films, but I always (14)(not understand) the words. And how you (15)(spend) your weekends?

Sorry, I’ve got to finish my letter. Please write back.

All the best,


Past Simple/Past Continuous

Правильные и неправильные глаголы

В английском языке глаголы делятся на правильные и неправильные.

Правильные глаголы образуют вторую и третью форму прибавлением окончания —ed.

Правила прибавления окончания —ed к глаголу:

• окончание —ed прибавляется к правильным глаголам при образовании формы Past Simple (V2) и Past Participle (V3):

want — wanted

open — opened

• непроизносимая буква e на конце отбрасывается:

like — liked

agree — agreed

• если глагол оканчивается на одну согласную, перед которой стоит одна ударная гласная, то согласная удваивается:

stop — stopped

plan — planned

prefer — preferred

• при прибавлении окончания —ed буква —y меняется на —i, если она стоит после согласной, и прибавляется окончание —ed:

study — studied

try — tried

• Если перед буквой у стоит гласная буква, то она не изменяется, и к глаголу просто прибавляется —ed:

play — played

stay — stayed

У неправильных глаголов вторая и третья формы образуются не по правилу, и они приводятся в таблице неправильных глаголов (см. раздел «Справочный материал»). Неправильные глаголы всегда включаются в задания 19-25, так что их рекомендуется выучить наизусть и твёрдо знать как они пишутся.

6.6. Напишите вторую и третью формы следующих глаголов.

1. stop

2. write

3. go

4. study

5. throw

6. teach

7. cry

8. buy

9. open

10. speak

11. win

12. make

13. plan

14. bring

15. stay

6.7. Напишите вторую и третью формы следующих глаголов.

1. know

2. hide

3. eat

4. drop

5. catch

6. begin

7. break

8. fly

9. forget

10. try

11. wear

12. understand

13. say

14. ring

15. clap

6.8. Past Simple или Past Continuous? Употребите правильную форму глагола в скобках.

1. ‘What you (do) when the phone (ring)?’ ‘I (watch) television.’

2. ‘Was Jane busy when you went to see her?’ ‘Yes, she (study).’

3. ‘What time Tom (come) yesterday?’ ‘He (come) while I (have) breakfast.’

4. ‘Was Mary at school last week?’ ‘No, she (not go) to school. She was ill.’

5. ‘How fast you (drive) when the police (stop) you?’ ‘I don’t know exactly but I (not drive) very fast.’

6. ‘Your team (win) the football match yesterday?’ ‘No, the weather was very bad, so we (not play).’

7. ‘How you (break) the window?’ ‘We (play) football and the ball (hit) the window.’

8. ‘You (see) Jenny last night?’ ‘Yes, she (wear) a very nice jacket.’

9. ‘What you (do) at 10 o’clock on Sunday?’ ‘I still (sleep).’

10. ‘I (lose) my key last night.’ ‘How you (get) into your room?’

6.9. Past Simpleили Past Continuous? Прочитайте текст и употребите правильную форму глагола в скобках.

Yesterday I (1) ____________ (get) up very early. The weather (2) ____________ (be) fine. The sun (3) ____________ (shine) brightly and the birds (4) ____________ (sing) merrily. That morning, I (5) ____________ (decide) to cook something tasty for my mother, who (6) ____________ (sleep) peacefully in bed. I (7) ____________ (not want) to wake her up and (8) ____________ (try) not to make much noise. Unfortunately, while I (9) ____________ (cut) up vegetables, I also (10) ____________ (cut) my finger and (11) ____________ (let) out a loud scream. When my mother (12) ____________ (come) in, my finger (13) ____________ (still/bleed) and I (14) ____________ (not know) what to do! She (15) ____________ (give) me a plaster and (16) ____________ (finish) my salad. Finally, my finger (17) ____________ (stop) bleeding and we (18) ____________ (have) breakfast together. After that I (19) ____________ (go) to school and (20) ____________ (tell) my friends the story of that wonderful morning.

Present Perfect/Past Perfect

6.10. Past Simple или Present Perfect? Употребите правильную форму глагола в скобках.

1. It (not snow) this week.

2. You (see) the news on television last night?

3. Mike (leave) school in 1999.

4. I don’t know where my brother is. You (see) him?

5. ‘Where is your key?’ ‘I don’t know. I (lose) it.’

6. We (visit) the local museum the other day.

7. Ann is on holiday. She (go) to France.

8. When the last train (leave)?

9. ‘Would you like something to eat?’ ‘No, thanks. I just (have) lunch.’

10. The weather (be) good when you (be) on holiday?

11. We (not see) each other for a long time.

12. It’s the most interesting book I ever (read).

13. He (drink) too much coffee today.

14. What you (do) at the weekend?

15. John is hungry. He (not eat) anything since breakfast.

16. She (not go) to the library three days ago.

17. How long you (know) Bill?

18. Olga always (want) to visit Great Britain.

19. You (hear) from Jack recently?

20. Mark Twain (live) in the state of Missouri.

6.11. Past Simple, Present Perfectили Past Perfect? Употребите правильную форму глагола в скобках.

1. Yesterday I (go) to the cinema. I (enjoy) the film even though I (see) it before. Actually, it’s the best film I (ever/see). I can watch it again and again.

2. I got up late this morning so when I (arrive) at the station, the train (already/leave). Now I’m still at the station. I (already/have) lunch but the next train (not arrive) yet.

3. When I first (meet) Alex, he (tell) me that he (never/play) football before. Now, ten years later, he is the best football-player I (ever/know) and he (already/score) more than a hundred goals.

4. My friend (already/live) in his house for 10 years when last autumn his parents (decide) to sell it. At the moment they (already/sell) it but they (not buy) a new house yet. So they are staying with us and I’m very happy.

5. I (meet) Ann a week ago. She (just/return) from а business trip to France. She (tell) me a lot about Paris and its attractions. I hope to visit France one day. I (never/be) to Paris but I’m sure I’ll like it.

6.12. Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfectили Present Perfect? Прочитайте текст и употребите правильную форму глагола в скобках.

Alice works as a secretary in a large company but she (1) ___________ (always/want) to become a famous detective. Yesterday, at the end of her working day, Alice (2) ___________ (see) a strange man leaving the office. She (3) ___________ (notice) that he (4) ___________ (wear) a raincoat although it (5) ___________ (be) hot and sunny. The man (6) ___________ (not see) her. He quickly (7) ___________ (run) away and (8) ___________ (get) into a black car that (9) ___________ (arrive) just before he came. Alice (10) ___________ (think) he was a terrorist. She was frightened as she (11) ___________ (watch) a programme about bombs the night before. So she (12) ___________ (decide) to phone the police. Today she (13) ___________ (receive) a call from the police. They (14) ___________ (catch) her yesterday’s visitor. He is a well-known criminal who (15) ___________ (just/escape) from prison.

Future Simple и другие способы выражения действия в будущем

Другие способы выражения будущего времени

Придаточные предложения времени и условия

В русском языке и в главном, и в придаточном предложении употребляется будущее время. В английском языке будущее время употребляется только в главном предложении, а в придаточном предложении вместо будущего времени употребляется соответствующее настоящее время.

Придаточные предложения времени и условия вводятся следующими союзами: when (когда), if (если), after (после того, как), before (перед тем, как), as soon as (как только), till/until (до тех пор, пока … не), by the time (к тому времени, как), unless (если не …), as long as/provided/providing (при условии, что …), while (в то время как). После этих союзов будущее время не употребляется.

6.13. Present Simple или Future Simple? Употребите правильную форму глагола в скобках.

1. If the food (be) good, we’ll come here again.

2. What will you do if Ann (not pay)?

3. You (help) me if I have a problem?

4. Before you (go) home, leave my key on the table.

5. If you (not pay), you’ll get into trouble.

6. As soon as Linda (arrive), call me.

7. What you (say) if Peter asks?

8. I (not wait) if he is late again.

9. If he (miss) the last train, he’ll spend the night in a hotel.

10. If I stay here, I (not be) happy.

11. If I (be) unhappy, I won’t work hard.

12. She’ll have some German lessons before she (go) to Berlin.

13. If Peter (ring), tell him I never want to see him again.

14. She won’t be able to go until she (feel) much better.

15. If the bus (not come) soon, I’ll be late for school.

6.14. Прочитайте диалог друзей и выберите правильную форму выражения будущего времени. Все предложения 1—10 относятся к будущему времени.

‘Hi, Linda. You know, I (1) ___________ (have) a party next Saturday? (2) ___________ (you/come)?’

‘A party? What a surprise! Is it a birthday party?’

‘Not really. I (3) ___________ (have) a fancy dress party. This is our last week before holidays and I think it (4) ___________ (be) great to have a bit of fun.’

‘What about your parents?’

‘They don’t mind. They say that if we (5) ___________ (not make) a lot of noise, they will allow me to have a party.’

‘That’s great! Of course I (6) ___________ (come). (7) ___________ (I/ help) you with the food and drinks?’

‘No, thanks. Everything is already arranged. Mark and Jenny (8) ___________ (buy) fruit and ice cream. Rob (9) ___________ (bring) juice and cola. The only thing we have to do is to make our costumes.’

‘That’s a very difficult task. Wait! I know! I think I (10) ___________ (dress) like a witch!’

‘It’s amazing!’

Future Continuous/Future Perfect

6.15. Прочитайте текст и употребите правильную форму глагола в скобках (Present или Future).

The BVL Company is one of the oldest travel companies in Russia. Next spring our company (1) ___________ (already/be) in the travel industry for 35 years. If you (2) ___________ (take) a holiday with the BVL next year, we promise that you (3) ___________ (have) the holiday of a lifetime. As soon as you (4) ___________ (arrive), you (5) ___________ (feel) as if you are in a different world. Your rooms (6) ___________ (already/be) cleaned and our staff (7) ___________ (wait) for you with flowers and fruit. While you (8) ___________ (stay) with us, we (9) ___________ (do) our best to make you feel comfortable. The BVL Company (10) ___________ (have) something to offer for all ages and tastes. If you (11) ___________ (like) to play golf, ride or fish, our staff (12) ___________ (be) happy to make the necessary arrangements. If you just (13) ___________ (want) to relax and enjoy the breathtaking scenery, we (14) ___________ (be) delighted to organise some guided walks. Before your holiday is over, you (15) ___________ (already/plan) your next visit to our hotels.

Времена группы Perfect Continuous

6.16. Present Perfect Simple или Present Perfect Continuous? Подчеркните правильную форму глагола.

1. John is reading a book now. He has (read/been reading) for two hours. He has (read/been reading) 100 pages so far.

2. Jane’s clothes are covered in paint. She has (painted/been painting) the floor. She has not finished yet.

3. Ann is still doing her homework. She has (done/been doing) it all day.

4. Have you ever (played/been playing) tennis?

5. Look! Somebody has (broken/been breaking) that window!

6. The roads were wet because it had (rained/been raining) all night.

7. He was broke. He had (spent/been spending) all his money.

8. His hands were covered in oil because he had (tried/been trying) to fix the car all morning. Unfortunately, he had not (managed/been managing) to make it start.

9. I got to the party very late and everyone was waiting for me to start; my friend told me they had (waited/been waiting) for me for an hour.

10. When I finally arrived at the party, Mary had already (left/been leaving).

11. We were good friends. We had (known/been knowing) each other for a long time.

12. We are late. The film will already have (started/been starting) by the time we get to the cinema.

13. We will have (flied/been flying) non-stop for seven hours before we get to New York.

14. By the end of this year he will have (acted/been acting) for thirty years.

15. Next year John and Ann will have (been/been being) married for 25 years.

6.17. Повторение всех изученных времён. Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова в скобках так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами.

Dear Sir or Madam,

I (1) _________ (read) your advertisement on your website and I (2) _________ (write) to apply for a scholarship to attend an English language course at your college next summer.

I am 16 years old and I live in Smolensk. Next year I (3) _________ (complete) the ninth grade of secondary school. English is my favourite subject. I (4) _________ (learn) it for eight years and by next May I (5) _________ (already/pass) the FCE exam.

I (6) _________ (always/want) to go to Britain because it (7) _________ (have) some of the best universities in the world. Last year I (8) _________ (find) a pen-friend from Britain and now he often (9) _________ (send) me e-mails. I’m sure I (10) _________ (make) the most of the opportunity to attend an English course because I am very motivated and hard-working.

I look forward to hearing from you.

Yours faithfully,

Ivan Belov

Правило согласования времен

Если в главном предложении глагол стоит в прошедшем времени, то в придаточном предложении глагол должен стоять в одном из прошедших времен (Past или FutureinthePast).

При согласовании времен в косвенной речи необходимо осуществлять сдвиг времен по следующим правилам:

• времена группы Present изменяются на соответствующие им времена группы Past;

• времена группы Future изменяются на Future-in- the-Past (shall, will меняются на would);

Past Simple меняется на Past Perfect;

Past Continuousменяется на Past Perfect Continuous;

Past Perfect, Past Perfect Continuous — не изменяются:

Can could, may might, must had to, should/would не изменяются.

Внимание! Сдвиг времен не надо делать, если указана дата события.

6.18. Согласование времён: подчеркните правильную форму глагола.

1. The teacher asked who (is/was) present that day.

2. She says she (will come/would come) in time.

3. John said he (will leave/would leave) soon.

4. Ann said that she (is going/was going) to learn to drive.

5. He explained that he (stayed/had stayed) at home the day before.

6. My friend says he (has just returned/had just returned) from London.

7. I think the weather (will be/would be) fine next week.

8. He said he (was/had been) born in 1955.

9. Bill asked if she (came/would come) the next day.

10. She said that she (can’t/couldn’t) come to the party.

11. I asked my sister what she (has bought/had bought) for my birthday.

12. He said he (is staying/was staying) at the ‘Rossiya’ Hotel then.

13. I am sure you (must/had to) go to the meeting.

14. The teacher promised that the pupils (read/would read) the text the next day.

15. I don’t know whether he (will come/would come) or not.

Сравнение всех времён в активном залоге

6.19. Прочитайте текст и употребите правильную форму глагола в скобках.

А funny thing happened to me the other day. I (1) __________ (be) in a hurry to get to work and I (2) __________ (find) that my car (3) __________ (work). I had to rush out of the house to catch the bus. While I (4) __________ (walk) along the street, I (5) __________ (notice) a woman of about my age on the opposite side of the road and I (6) __________ (realise) that we (7) __________ (meet) before. She arrived at the bus stop a couple of seconds after me. We (8) __________ (just miss) the previous bus and we had fifteen minutes to wait before the next one. So I asked the woman if she (9) __________ (recognise) me. She looked a bit surprised, but she (10) __________ (tell) me that her name (11) __________ (be) Gloria Greeves.

At that moment I (12) __________ (remember) that we (13) __________ (study) together at university. I (14) __________ (not can) believe my eyes. We (15) __________ (be) neighbours for three years and we (16) __________ (never see) each other! I (17) __________ (say) that it (18) __________ (be) great to meet again for a cup of tea and to recollect the memories of the past.

‘Sure!’ she agreed, ‘And I’m glad that you (19) __________ (speak) to me because I wondered why you (20) __________ (look) at me all the time!’

6.20. Сравнение всех изученных времён. Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, глаголы в скобках так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами.

We asked hundreds of people what they (1) __________ (do) on a certain day in August the next year, or the year after, and we (2) __________ (get) only one reply. Why? That’s because the people we asked belonged to the Elvis Presley Fan Club. Although the King of Rock and Roll (3) __________ (die) nearly two decades ago, his fans meet every year outside his home in Memphis to show respect for the singer.

Jane Thomas, for example, (4) __________ (visit) his house twice in the past five years. ‘The first time I (5) __________ (borrow) the money from my Mum,’ says Jane, ‘as I (6) __________ (not work) at that moment. But two years ago I (7) __________ (get) married and since then I (8) __________ (work) in my husband Chris’s garage. Chris and I (9) __________ (go) together last year, and now we (10) __________ (think) of spending two or three months in the USA next year. I (11) __________ (always/want) to visit some of the places where Elvis (12) __________ (perform).’ Jane says that Elvis (13) __________ (be) her obsession ever since she (14) __________ (be) ten years old, and she (15) __________ (own) every single one of his records.


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